Ankle and Foot Pain
With the amount of time humans spend on our feet, it’s surprising how resilient our feet and ankles are. Ankle and foot problems can arise from a variety of situations such as; sprains, strains, overuse or arthritis. Runners, athletes and anyone that spends time on their feet can develop ankle or foot pain.
Most ankle and foot problems fall into four major categories:
- Tendon inflammation (bursitis or tendinitis) or tendon tear
If you are an active person, chances are you have “rolled” an ankle a few times. If you have experienced this before, the odds of it occurring again are high. Sprained ligaments and other structures often don’t bounce back as completely as other injuries. Overstretched ligaments are like old elastic. It never really provides the stability you need to protect the joint. If you have an acute ankle or foot injury, RICE therapy for the swelling and pain is a good first step.
A tendon is a cord that connects muscle to bone. Most tendinitis is a result of a wearing down of the tendon that occurs slowly over time, much like the wearing process on the sole of a shoe that eventually splits from overuse.
Generally, tendinitis is one of two types:
- Acute - Excessive squatting, running or other sports injuries can lead to acute tendinitis
- Chronic - Degenerative diseases like arthritis or repetitive wear and tear due to age, can lead to chronic tendinitis
The most commonly affected tendons in the ankle and foot are the Achilles and peroneal tendons. Of course the Achilles tendon attaches the lower leg muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus to the heel bone. The proneal muscles help stabilize the foot and prevents over inversion of the foot.
Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition that affects the plantar fascia in the foot. The plantar fascia is a strong band of connective tissue that runs along the sole of the foot from the front part of the heel bone and fans out and attaches into the base of the toes. Untreated, plantar fasciitis can develop into heel spurs where the chronic inflammation from the tissue pulls at the connection in the heel resulting in calcification at the attachment. Plantar fasciitis can be very difficult to treat, but most clinicians focus only on the symptomatic area of the condition and don’t take into account other contributory factors such as foot mechanics, ankle, foot, knee and hip instability, weak stabilizing muscles in the legs and other factors that when addressed, greatly improve the outcome.
At Sarasota Sports Medicine, Dr. Kaufman can diagnose your condition and provide the very best options to fully resolve your problem. If your condition will respond to the conservative treatments provided at Sarasota Sports Medicine, a plan will be provided with detailed information. If your problem requires a referral to a different health care provider, he will make the proper recommendation.
If you have or think you have any of these conditions, please send us an inquiry to the right of the page. Or, call us at 941-927-0546 today!